Second and third conditional

Conditional sentences

Often students at our English school in Granada ask us about the grammar of conditional forms in English. For some people this part of English grammar is very confusing, but if you learn it well, it is quite simple and has some concrete rules that are very easy to apply.

Let’s imagine the same situation as before, but in this case our friend tells us that he doesn’t think he can go to visit us, because his parents won’t let him, he doesn’t have the money, etc. In this other case, we could tell our friend:

We can change the order of the parts of speech, but never mix verb tenses. That is, we could put the IF part at the end of the sentence, but not mix the tense of one proposition with the other.

And so much for today’s explanation of conditional structures. Remember that if you do not know the past participles of irregular verbs, it is very difficult to master these structures, so the first thing to do is to learn the past participles.

Wikipedia

Conditional sentences in English are used to describe the possible outcome of something that may happen in the future, something that may have happened in the past, or something that may happen in the present.

The zero conditional is used to refer to real and possible situations that always happen. This type is used a lot to explain scientific aspects, but it is not so frequent for everyday situations in people’s lives.

This form can be used in two different ways. On the one hand to talk about things in the future that will probably not happen. On the other hand, to talk about things in the present that are impossible.

Studying conditional sentences in English can seem difficult and boring. That is why at Wall Street English we created our english events where you can learn together with other people doing fun activities.

Wall Street English created the Blended Method so that everyone, regardless of their schedule, can learn English. This method combines face-to-face classes with online didactic material so that you can have a complete immersion in English and practice all aspects of the language: reading, writing, speaking and listening.

If conditional examples

To learn how to use the conditional in English, it is essential to understand its purpose and have knowledge about verb tenses.Conditional sentences in English are used to describe the possible outcome of something that may happen in the future, something that may have happened in the past, or something that may happen in the present.  The English conditional, also known as «if clauses», can be divided into different types of sentences:Let’s look at the uses of each type in detail so you can use them whenever you want.

The mixed type conditional The mixed conditional is used to refer to an event that did not happen in the past, and its possible outcome in the present.  It is called mixed because of the union of the past and the present.Examples:Studying conditional sentences in English can seem difficult and boring. That’s why at Wall Street English we created our english events where you can learn together with other people doing fun activities.  Wall Street English created the Blended Method so that everyone can learn English regardless of their schedule. This method combines face-to-face classes with online didactic material so that you can have a complete immersion in English and practice all aspects of the language: reading, writing, speaking and listening.

Second conditional

If you train half an hour every day with Karate English, you will learn a lot. Believe it or not, this is one of the many examples of conditional sentences that you have used without even realizing it.

For example, if I find your wallet lying around, I won’t keep it and I will return it to you. So, the certainty that you will get your wallet back if someone sees it is maximized because we are trustworthy people here.

There is something you should know before continuing with the other conditionals. This structure of the first conditional can be augmented by sentences with should. Thus, the combination of if with should allows us to express what should be done if something happens.

It is no longer your wallet that is lost, it can even be a briefcase with a million euros in it. To make this structure in English, we use a condition with IF plus a verb in the simple past (If I did).

Be careful because, although the second conditional is constructed with verbs in past simple, it does not mean that we are talking about the past. We can be imagining a hypothetical situation in the present or even in the future.

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