Romulo y remo segovia

the legend of romulus and remus | history of rome

This impressive work of Roman engineering was built to bring water from the Sierra de Guadarrama, to the settlement that the Romans probably had within the current walled city of Segovia, which probably reached the Alcazar.

This legend tells that a young girl who worked as a water carrier in a house at the top of the city, tired of dragging the pitcher down the steep streets, accepted a deal with the devil: he would dispose of the girl’s soul if, before the rooster crowed, the water reached the door of the house.

Aware of her guilt, the young woman prayed all night to avoid the omen. In the meantime, a storm had broken out and the devil was at work. Suddenly, the rooster crowed and the demon let out a bloodcurdling scream: for a single unplaced stone he had lost the young girl’s soul. The girl confessed her guilt before the Segovians who, after sprinkling the arches with holy water to eliminate the trace of sulfur, happily accepted the new profile of the city.

segovia. route of the viewpoints. easy hiking with

Legend has it that Ascanio, son of the Trojan hero Aeneas (son of Venus and Anchises), founded the city of Alba Longa on the right bank of the river Tiber. Many of his descendants reigned over this Latin city until Numitor and his brother Amulius. This one dethroned Numitor and, so that he could not have descendants to dispute the throne, he condemned his daughter, Rea Silvia to be a priestess of the goddess Vesta so that she remained a virgin.

In spite of this, Mars, the god of war, begot in Rhea Silvia the twins Pomulus and Remus. When they were born and to save them, they were thrown into the Tiber in a basket that ran aground in the area of the seven hills located near the mouth of the Tiber, in the sea.

A she-wolf, named Luperca, came to drink and picked them up and nursed them in her den on Mount Palatine until they were finally found and rescued by a shepherd whose wife raised them. As adults, the twins restored Numitor to the throne of Alba Longa and founded, as a colony of the latter, a city on the right bank of the Tiber, in the place where they had been suckled by the she-wolf, to be their kings.

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The construction of the Roman Aqueduct of Segovia must be framed after the Romanization of the first Celtiberian settlements in the province. The archaeological findings, which we can see in the Museum of Segovia, date the work at the end of the first century A.D., so it is possibly due to the Emperor Domitian. With a length of about 15 kilometers, its route begins at a weir6 in the Riofrío, in the Acebeda valley, arriving, with different gradients, to Segovia. On this route, the water passed through two decanters where the water was cleaned: one of them is the so-called «Casa de Piedra», a 15th-16th century work located on the road to La Granja; the other, already in Segovia, we will see in the following article. Once in the city, the Aqueduct began in the Postigo del Consuelo until it reached the current Alcazar (already underground), where the old Roman military site used to be.

Along the route of the Aqueduct, the water was «purified» by several «desanders», or covered decanters. One of them is the one shown in the photograph, located in the city and known by the name of Casa del Agua, or Water Tower. It consisted of a large covered tank that not only cleaned the water of all the impurities that it brought from the mountains, but also regulated the flow that entered the city. Like the Aqueduct, it dates from the 1st century A.D., although it was rebuilt in the 18th century, in spite of which we have decided to include it here given the importance of this element in the Roman canalization.

what to see in segovia guide to segovia

What stands out most about this sculpture is its detail and naturalism considering the period in which it was made. They are very stylized figures. The nostrils of the she-wolf give the sensation of being dilated, with large open eyes and three wrinkles on the forehead which gives the sensation of realism.

The origin of the work is a rather controversial subject. Until recently it was believed to date back to 470 BC and to belong to Roman times, more specifically to Etruscan art. Recently, however, attempts have been made to prove that this is an erroneous dating and that it really belongs to the Middle Ages.

As an alternative to the legend of the suckling she-wolf, there are those who claim that a prostitute was the one who really gave suckling to the twins because of the derogatory Latin way of calling those women at that time (lupa).

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