Black and white illustration
It was born in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, towards the end of the 19th century as a simple ornament to embellish animal-drawn carts that transported food, and over time it became a pictorial art of that city, to such an extent that it became the iconographic emblem that best represents it. Generally, witty phrases, poetic sayings or humorous, emotional or philosophical aphorisms are included in the work, sometimes written in lunfardo, and with ornate letters, generally gothic or cursive. Many of its initiators were part of the families of European immigrants, bringing with them some artistic elements that were combined with those of the Creole heritage, creating a typically Argentine style.
In 1970 the first filete exhibition was organized, an event from which fileteado was given greater importance, recognizing it as an art of the city and promoting its extension to all types of surfaces and objects.
easy black and white drawing
You will learn how to create different wefts (short, long, crossed, organic or squiggle, prologue weft and by stroke), strokes and textures in inks; as well as gradations, illumination and volumetry. You will practice with simple spherical, ovoid, cylindrical and conical shapes, determining illuminated and dark areas, and looking for three-dimensionality through screening.
You will explore inking or blocks of black and white, the importance of line value, and fusing organic and geometric graphic gestures with stylographs and markers to create patterns and integrate them into images.
You will start the construction of your image from the fusion between realism and geometry. You will start with the collection of visual information and a sketching process using a manual collage.
Finally you will scan your analog drawing to finish editing it subtly in digital, and giving the color finishes to your work. You will finalize your illustration for possible applications.
what is black and white art called
But the graphite pencil can also be the material with which we make a final illustration. I propose that we also try to see the pencil as a noble material, a tool that is not a passing tool, but a tool full of possibilities. Let it be the protagonist technique of an illustration.
Graphite pencils for drawing are marketed graded according to the composition of graphite and clays. If you are interested in what the graphite pencil is composed of, I recommend you to visit the entry «Pencil» in Wikipedia. We can also obtain good results with «branded» pencils as well as with pencils from merchandising.
It will already be a matter of taste, experience, possibilities or personal preferences to choose one type of pencil or another, although for this, it is very important to experiment, to investigate with several pencils to see how they respond, how they behave with different types of paper or in conjunction with other techniques, etc..
The illustration below is an example of the use of graphite through smudging and blurring. We use the capacity of very soft graphite pencils (4B, 6B…) to smudge, and auxiliary tools such as a smudger or a simple piece of paper to pass the graphite through another medium and generate soft blurs on the paper. We can also use the paper to make masks and the eraser to clean and provide white lines or strokes.
black and white drawing technique
Also note that you can apply this process to your style. We all have our own style, or need to discover it over time, but don’t feel the need to copy what I’m doing, just apply the steps to your own illustration.
As any expert knows, tools are key to a great result. As is true at the same time, a poor craftsman blames his tools … so don’t rely on them too much either. Below are some of the tools I love in Clip Studio:
My pencils are the default brushes tweaked and edited to feel quite natural and have a bit of «tooth» to make you feel like you’re inking on paper. The default G-pen and textured pencil are excellent. Clip has some powerful settings, so feel free to play around, making the tools right for you. Just remember to make a duplicate of the pencil tool you are playing with, to keep the original settings on file.